[HOW-TO] Debian: Reinstall Packages Dependent By Meta

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[HOW-TO] Debian: Reinstall Packages Dependent By Meta

Post by GraysonPeddie »

Applies To
  • Debian
  • Debian-based Linux Distributions, such as:
    • Ubuntu
    • Mint
    • Netrunner

You wish to reinstall all packages that are dependent by a meta package.


If you execute the command:

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sudo apt-get install --reinstall kxstudio-meta-non-free
This will only install a meta package and nothing else.

Expected Result

Apt-Get should install all the dependencies that are part of the meta package.


Follow the instructions to create and give apt-reinstall-meta an executable permission.
  1. Depending in your desktop environment:
    1. For GNOME/Unity, open gnome-terminal.
    2. For KDE, open up Konsole.
    3. For XFCE including the others, run xterm.
  2. As root, execute the following command into the terminal:

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    sudo nano /usr/local/bin/apt-reinstall-meta
    Enter your user password when prompted.
  3. Copy the code into nano. In nano, hold Control + Shift and press V.

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    # Check if the user is in root mode
    if [ "$(id -u)" != "0" ]
        echo "You must be rooted to install packages that are related to a meta package." 2>&1
        exit 1
    # Check to see if the meta package is not given by the user.
    if [ -z "$1" ]
        echo "Example meta package: kubuntu-desktop"
        exit 1
    # Search for packages that is depended by the meta-package
    # and ask the user if s/he wants to reinstall all the packages.
    apt-cache depends $1 | awk -F ":" '{print $2}' | \
    sed '/^$/d' | xargs sudo apt-get \
    install --reinstall --install-recommends
    exit 0
    Do Ctrl+O and Ctrl+X to save and exit.
  4. Execute the command to give apt-reinstall-meta an executable permission.

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    sudo chmod a+x /usr/local/bin/apt-reinstall-meta
  5. You're done. Now execute whatever meta package you want to reinstall. This will reinstall all of the dependent packages. One example is kxstudio-meta-non-free.

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    sudo apt-reinstall-meta kxstudio-meta-non-free

This will check to see if you are running as root, check to be sure that the string is not empty, search for packages that is part of the meta package, and asks if you want to install them.

--Grayson Peddie

Music Interest: New Age w/ a mix of modern smooth jazz, light techno/trance & downtempo -- something Epcot Future World/Tomorrowland-flavored.

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